Nano Watershed Based Development of Demonstration Farm of the Institute
The whole concept and technique of Nano Watershed Development has been demonstrated as a model in 30 ha. Demonstration farm of the Institute. Various soil and water conservation, management and utilization techniques in line with the concept of watershed development are adopted in the farm and barren land of different land capability classes has been converted to productive land. As the demonstration farm of the Institute is located adjacent to hillocks and the slope range in the farm varies from 30 percent to 1 percent, hence speedy runoff in raining season was resulting in soil erosion and loss of productive soils. Safe disposal of this runoff has been done by making different soil and water conservation structures/ treatments viz. Contour bunds and trenches, Loose Boulder structures, Sand bag structures, Gully plugs, Gabion Structures, Water harvesting tanks, contour farming etc. Also as per land capability classes, land use planning was done and accordingly the land is being used for forestry development, Orchards, Crop production, Pisciculture, Apiculture etc. Integrated watershed development activities in the farm are not only eco friendly but their adoption has converted waste land into fertilile and productive land, which in turn has resulted in economic benefits. Instead of using costly inorganic fertilizers, organic farming is being practiced in the farm and it not only resulted in cost cutting but proved beneficial in terms of soil health and productivity. M.P. Water and Land Management Institute, Bhopal has also made provision to provide consultancy and trainings on Nano watershed development schemes.